【PART 2】 The Mystery of Fukushima: Why Japan Cannot Stop Nuclear Power Plants？
【10】 The rights of the U.S. Forces hardly changed between the former Security Treaty and the new Security Treaty
“That happened a long time ago.” Politicians of the LDP always say so when secret agreements between Japan and the U.S. are disclosed. They believe that Nobusuke Kishi, the former prime minister of whom the LDP is proud, revised the Security Treaty — risking his political career to put an end to such an inequality.
To determine whether this is true, let’s look into the next document. This is the secret agreement on rights held by U.S. bases, which Fujiyama, the former Minister of MOFA under the Kishi administration, and MacArthur, former Ambassador to Japan, concluded just before signing the new Security Treaty in 1960. As was the case with the former document, this agreement was discovered by Shoji Niihara, who is a researcher of international issues and a pioneer in the study of Japan-U.S. secret agreements. Number (1) in the next text indicates U.S. bases, (2) is correspondent to the SOFA concluded under the new Security Treaty, and (3) corresponds to the Administrative Agreement under the former Security Treaty. Read these texts by replacing words in that way. (Numbers on sentences added by author) Read the following text by inserting each of these clarifications under its appropriate number. (Sentence numbers added by author.)
“United States rights within facilities and areas (1) granted by the Government of Japan for the use of United States armed forces in Japan remain the same under the revised wording of Article 3, Paragraph 1 of the Agreement (2) signed at Washington on January 19, 1960 as they were under the Agreement (3) signed at Tokyo on February 28, 1952.” (January 6, 1960)
In other words, the Japanese government has promised that U.S. rights within bases in Japan remain the same under the Administrative Agreement as they were under the SOFA.
The SOFA hasn’t been revised at all since 1960, so the first secret report (1957) and this secret agreement (1960) can prove that U.S. Forces have almost the same legal rights for using bases since the occupation period.