【PART 4】 The Mystery of Security Treaty Village (2): The UN Charter and the Postwar World
【5】 The Anglo-American Alliance held the Soviet Union with one hand, China with the other
Examining the history of World War II, you can’t help being amazed at the U.S. and the U.K., particularly their conceptual powers and coordination skills, or organizing skills. Not only did they manage to establish the huge alliance between 26 countries (the United Nations) merely four months after the Atlantic Charter, but the number of its signatories soared to 47 countries by the end of the Second World War. And after the war, the creation of the UN Charter transformed the UN into an international organization. At present it has almost 200 signatories.
Its essence, however, still remains the management of the world based on the Anglo-American Alliance.
This alliance first pulled in the Soviet Union, a nation with a completely different social system, to create a system led by three countries. Afterwards, they also pulled in the Republic of China, as a new representative of Asia to replace Japan. At the Tehran Conference in November 1943, Roosevelt proposed a vision for these four countries, the Big Four, to take on the role as the “world’s policemen” and lead the postwar world.
That said, it was very rare for all four countries to gather to decide something. This is evident in the fact that the Potsdam Declaration near the end of the war was first issued only by three countries: the U.S., U.K. and China.
Decisions always took the form of “Anglo-American Alliance + Soviet Union” or “Anglo-American Alliance + China.” It was as if the Alliance held the Soviet Union with its right hand, and China with its left. The Alliance fought its way through the war while going through all sorts of borderline negotiations, especially with the Soviet Union. What’s more, there were various conflicts between the U.S. and U.K. as well, since both countries had in mind the competition for hegemony that was bound to occur after the war.
These facts hold great significance, especially when you consider that the alliance between Japan, Germany and Italy utterly failed in military cooperation. It means that the U.S. and the U.K. were far ahead compared to Japan not only in terms of military power but also political competence.