【PART 5】 The Last Mystery Voluntary slavish obedience and its historical origin
【11】 “Reverse Course” resulted in a huge inconsistency in postwar Japan
The conflict between the Showa Emperor and MacArthur regarding the U.S. Forces’ stationing in mainland Japan, as well as Okinawa, ended in the Emperor’s victory. The breakout of the Cold War changed the U.S. global strategy, and with it their policies about Japan. Instead of the conventional policy advocated by MacArthur (disarm the mainland, and make Okinawa into a military fort) the U.S. adopted a new policy to deal with the Cold War (create massive U.S. bases on both the mainland and Okinawa, and make the whole country of Japan into an anti-communist breakwater).
This shift in U.S. policy is called the beginning of the “Reverse Course” in Japan. In this change of dynamics, the ruling class of Japan centered around the Showa Emperor shifted their alliance from MacArthur (GHQ) to Dulles (State Department).
In April of the year after the Showa Emperor sent Dulles the aforementioned secret message, MacArthur was dismissed by President Truman quite suddenly. The direct reason was MacArthur’s conduct in the Korean War, which disregarded civilian control. But it’s likely that the reason Truman could fire this “hero of World War II” without hesitation was because the Showa Emperor and the ruling class had already shifted their alliance to Dulles.
This great shift in U.S. national policy during the occupation period created a massive inconsistency in the nation of postwar Japan. It is, namely, the coexistence of two conflicting elements: “Article 9-2 of the Constitution, which states the renunciation of all war potential and right of belligerency” and “the stationing of U.S. Forces, which has the most military power in the history of mankind.” The power structure of postwar Japan (the Security Treaty Village) was established without getting rid of this inconsistency, with its warped structure whereby “U.S. Forces protect the Imperial system.”