【PART 5】 The Last Mystery Voluntary slavish obedience and its historical origin
【9】 In addition to Okinawa, the Showa Emperor asked for the occupation of mainland Japan
As I mentioned on PART 4, the multilateral security treaty between Japan, the U.S., the Philippines, Australia, and New Zealand faced opposition from the proposed signatories and was not established. However, if the U.S. were to successfully negotiate a bilateral treaty with Japan and stay in Japan, it was evident that it would attract criticism, such as “That’s just a continuation of the occupation” and “It contradicts Article 9-2 of the Constitution, which the U.S. wrote.” In fact, two and a half months before this message from the Emperor to Dulles, top secret telegrams were circulated within the State Department, titled “U.S. military bases in Japan.” (April 7, 1950)
The constitutionality question. The question of whether maintaining foreign military bases within Japan is compatible with Article 9 of the Constitution, is being challenged in the Diet and from the press. It is widely supported that keeping [U.S. military bases in Japan], runs counter to the spirit expressed in the Preamble of the Constitution that Japan would preserve her security not by armaments but by trusting in the justice and faith of the international community.
Attempts by the Japanese side to press for establishing U.S. military bases on Japan’s national land] would provoke the constitutionality question in a far more serious way. The people of Japan feel responsible for preventing violations of constitutional clauses, and believe that this is what we [Americans] approved with all our heart to begin with. Many of them are serious about this.”
(From R. Fearey, State Northeast Asian Bureau Chief, to Allison, Assistant Secretary of State for Northeast Asian Affairs; Apr. 7, 1950, Secret, Subject: US Bases in Japan, RG59, the Office of the Northeast Asian Affairs, Relative to Peace Treaty, Kennan File Box 2; as re-translated from the Japanese text quoted in a book, The Article 9, from ‘Reinterpretation of the Constitution’ to secret agreements: the Truth of the Slavish Obedience to the U.S., written by Yasushi Suenami, Tokyo: Kobunken)
If you look at what happened afterwards, it’s evident that negotiating the stationing of U.S. Forces behind closed doors (despite Article 9-2 of the Constitution) produced the situation we are now in: the authority of Japan’s Constitution has been damaged and Japan as a law-abiding nation has fallen apart. (refer to PART 1, the ruling in the Sunagawa case)
However, the Showa Emperor not only issued the Okinawa message, but also sent the additional message to Dulles, proposing — as a “voluntary request” — the stationing of U.S. Forces across Japan.
Why did he do such a thing? The key to answering this mystery is in the date the message was conveyed to Dulles. It was on June 26, 1950, and the Korean war had broken out on June 25, one day before.